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[Dr Talita Dias is the Shaw Foundation Junior Research Fellow in Law at Jesus College, Oxford, as well as a Research Fellow with the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict (ELAC), at the Blavatnik School of Government. The views expressed here are hers alone.] 1. Introduction A prime example of ‘hybrid warfare’, the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine has witnessed a...

[Dr Caleb H Wheeler is a Lecturer in Law at Cardiff University.] Introduction The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (‘ICC’ or ‘the Court’) was agreed on 17 July 1998. The United States played a very active role in the arduous negotiation process, shaping significant portions of the Statute and occasionally threatening to derail the talks when decisions were made that it...

[Elisenda Calvet-Martínez is Assistant Professor of International Law and co-coordinator of the Law Clinic Fight Against Impunity at the Faculty of Law of the Universitat de Barcelona (UB). The opinions expressed herein are the author’s alone.] 1. Introduction This paper briefly sets out the transitional justice issues facing the peace process in Ukraine and considers different modalities for addressing transitional justice through a peace...

[Anna Mykytenko is a Senior Legal Adviser and Ukraine Country Manager and Maksym Vishchyk is a Legal Adviser with Global Rights Compliance Foundation. In recent years they have been involved in various projects aimed at strengthening Ukraine's capacity to investigate and prosecute atrocity crimes, including Mobile Justice Teams assisting current conflict-related investigations and the MATRA-Ukraine project ”Strengthening Ukraine’s Capacity to Investigate and Prosecute International...

[Nurlan Mustafayev is a counsel on international law and an instructor on public international law at Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy.] Following the so-called “44-Day War” in 2020, Azerbaijan and Armenia continue several legal battles before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), alleging various international law violations.  After Azerbaijan liberated its territories under Armenia’s three-decade-long occupation,...

[Tiina Pajuste is Professor of International Law and Security at Tallinn University. She has held previous research positions at the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights (University of Helsinki) and the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law (University of Cambridge), where she was part of the Legal Tools for Peace-making Project. The views expressed in this paper are...

[Beatrice Lau is a humanitarian worker from Hong Kong and Advanced LL.M candidate in Public International Law at Leiden University] On 6th July, the Belgian parliamentary committee passed the first reading of the bill, ratifying the provisional “prisoner exchange” treaty, signed between Belgium and Iran in March this year. The bill, if passed in the lower house of the Belgian parliament, will provide the legal framework to allow...

Researching legal history can frequently lead to the reframing of old debates, the discovery of new ways of reading a past text, and even the foregrounding of erased or invisibilised histories. It is a very rewarding kind of research. Other times, however, it simply leads to curious stories. These stories are probably not well-suited for a journal article, but –...

[Simona Ross is a doctoral researcher at the University of Cambridge and until recently served as an advisor for the World Bank’s Fragility, Conflict and Violence Group. Previously, she worked with the United Nations in Libya and Iraq. The views expressed in this paper are her own.] 1. Introduction  Crafting a dynamic, multi-dimensional peace settlement between the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Ukrainian separatist...

[Dean Michael Scharf is the Co-Founder of the Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG) and the Co-Dean of the Case Western Reserve University School of Law. Dr. Paul R. Williams is the Co-Founder of the Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG), Rebecca I. Grazier Professor in Law and International Relations at American University, and a world-renowned peace negotiation lawyer...

[Eva Buzo is an Australian lawyer, and the Executive Director of Victim Advocates International . She lived in Cox’s Bazar between November 2017 and September 2019.] At the recent Ukraine Accountability Conference on 14 July in the Hague the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) warned against overdocumentation in Ukraine. In doing so, he used the Rohingya crisis as an example...