Use of Force

[David Hughes is the Alex Trebek Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law.] Late last month, Ireland formally declared that Israel’s policies in the West Bank amounted to “de facto annexation.” The Dáil Éireann, the lower house and principal legislative chamber of the Irish Oireachtas (“parliament”), debated a motion that had been tabled by the main opposition party, Sinn Féin, but that...

[Erica Gaston is an international lawyer and non-resident fellow with the Global Public Policy institute (GPPi). She has been engaged in research on IHL and conflict-related human rights issues in Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, and other countries since 2007.] As introduced in Part I of this two-part blog, Western states are now more than ever finding themselves in partnerships (direct or tacit)...

[Erica Gaston is an international lawyer and non-resident fellow with the Global Public Policy institute (GPPi). She has been engaged in research on IHL and conflict-related human rights issues in Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, and other countries since 2007.] In the last two decades, Western states have frequently worked with nonstate or substate armed groups to help confront security threats. The greater frequency of...

[Dapo Akande, Antonio Coco, Talita Dias, Duncan B. Hollis, James O’Brien and Tsvetelina van Benthem] The Internet has allowed the dissemination of content across the globe in a matter of seconds. Recommendation algorithms, found in social media platforms and search engines, have also dangerously amplified the reach of false, misleading, and violent content (see here, here, and here). Because they are...

[Neta C. Crawford is a Professor and Chair of the Department of Political Science at Boston University.] How does international law get made?  In particular, how was it that diplomats were able to craft international rules governing internal conflicts when sovereign states have little or no inherent interest in being constrained by those laws?  Or at least great powers don’t want to be told what to do. ...

Over the coming week, along with Armed Groups and International Law, we are thrilled to co-host a symposium on Giovanni Mantilla's latest book, Lawmaking under Pressure: International Humanitarian Law and Internal Armed Conflict. Scholars and practitioners who will be weighing in in addition to Giovanni include: Alonso Gurmendi, Neta Crawford, Kathryn Greenman, Alejandro Chehtman, Verity Robson, Charli Carpenter, Boyd van Dijk, Iris Mueller and...

[Jessica Dorsey is an Assistant Professor at Utrecht University School of Law and Associate Research Fellow at the International Center for Counter-Terrorism--the Hague. Nilza Amaral is a Project Manager with the International Security Programme at Chatham House with expertise in drone technology and the conduct of war. Part I of the post can be found here.] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JhslESKNes4&t=2s Explainer: European Use of Military...

[Jessica Dorsey is an Assistant Professor at Utrecht University School of Law and Associate Research Fellow at the International Center for Counter-Terrorism--the Hague. Nilza Amaral is a Project Manager with the International Security Programme at Chatham House with expertise in drone technology and the conduct of war.] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JhslESKNes4&t=2s Explainer: European Use of Military Drones, Chatham House Introduction Two weeks ago, Chatham House published the research...

[Emanuela Chiara Gillard is a Senior Research Fellow, Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict and an Associate Fellow, International Law Programme, Chatham House.] Many of the contributions to this symposium have -rightly – focused on practices by belligerents that deliberately cause starvation of civilians. The debate must not overlook a different set of measures adopted by the international community and states unilaterally that also contribute to starvation or...

[Jared Miller is a Ph.D. Candidate at The Fletcher School at Tufts University focusing on governance, peacebuilding, and anti-corruption in Nigeria.] “By the time a famine is declared, it’s too late. . . it means people are already dying of hunger”World Food Programme, 4 May 2021 Introduction In 2015, President Muhammadu Buhari appeared on the BBC and declared a ‘technical victory’ over Boko Haram, yet six...

[Brian Lander and Rebecca Vetharaniam Richards work for the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), respectively as Deputy Director of the Emergency Division and Chief of Emergencies & Transitions Programme & Policy. The views stated in the article are those of the authors. (brian.lander@wfp.org; rebecca.richards@wfp.org)] When Security Council resolution 2417 was adopted in May 2018, WFP and other food security actors were taken...

[Global Rights Compliance (GRC) is a niche organisation that specialises in legal services associated with violations of international law. For more on GRC’s work on conflict and hunger, see here. For more on GRC’s accountability work, click here.] Three years ago, the UN Security Council Resolution 2417 (UNSC 2417) recognised for the first time the intrinsic link between hunger and conflict. This landmark resolution condemns the...