Author Archive for
An Hertogen

Weekend Roundup: October 4-17, 2014

by An Hertogen

This fortnight on Opinio Juris, Jens discussed how to get Quirin right when Quirin was wrong. Kevin asked for sources backing the US position on self-defence against non-state actors, while Kristen gave an overview of the legal issues up for debate at the General Assembly this fall. Julian expressed doubts about the strength of Greece’s legal arguments for the return of the Elgin Marbles.

We also had a range of guest posts, with Başak Çalı commenting on the Tory attack on the European Human Rights system, and Oliver Windridge discussing how a recent decision by the Director of Public Prosecutions for England and Wales confirms that there is no immunity for torture in England and Wales. Yanying Li followed up on an earlier post discussing the recent reforms for more orderly sovereign debt restructurings at the IMF.

Finally, Jessica and I wrapped up the international law headlines (1, 2) and listed events and announcements (1, 2). Our DC-based readers can hear Kevin speak on Monday at an event at George Mason University on the ICC and Palestine.

Many thanks to our guest contributors and have a nice weekend!

Events and Announcements: October 12, 2014

by An Hertogen

Events

  • The Minerva Center for Human Rights at Tel Aviv University is pleased to invite the public to the conference “Lessons for Transitional Justice in Israel-Palestine”, to be held on November 16-17, 2014 at Tel Aviv University. The conference builds on an academic collaboration between Israeli, Palestinian and South African students and researchers who participated last summer in an intensive two-week Transitional Justice Workshop at the University of Johannesburg. At the conference, international and local scholars will share perspectives on current theories and practices that can shed light on possible transitional justice processes for Israel/Palestine, and students will present papers based on their research during the workshop. The conference program available here. For further information please contact minerva [at] tauex [dot] tau [dot] ac.il.
  • The Rethink Rebuild Society in Manchester will hold a conference on October 17Syrian Conflict in Regional Crises: Complications, Implications, and the Way ForwardThis conference represents a critical forum through which policy makers, NGOs, academics and activists can together identify and discuss the most appropriate British domestic and international policy towards Syria in light of current research and developments on the ground, specifically the emergence of IS (formerly ISIS) and the impact that this will have on British domestic and international policy, as well as action by the international community. Conference speakers include Dr. Christopher Phillips (Queen Mary, University of London), Dr. James Pattison (University of Manchester), Asim Qureshi (Research Director of CAGE Prisoners), Anas Al Abdah (Syrian National Coalition), and Raffaello Pantucci (Royal United Services Institute). The conference deliberations will focus on the following themes: The situation in Syria: misconceptions vs. realities; The emergence of IS (formerly ISIS): British jihadists, media coverage, and national policy; Where is Syria heading? Decoding the future of Syria and the region; Is British policy on the right track?; The role of the international community. Further conference information and registration can be found at conference website.

Calls for papers

  • The Human Rights Essay Award Competition sponsored by the Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law seeks to stimulate the production of scholarly work in international human rights law. Awardees receive a full scholarship to attend the 2015 Program of Advanced Studies in Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in Washington D.C. This year’s topic is “Transitional Justice, International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law” and the deadline to submit is February 1, 2015. Participants have the flexibility to choose any subject related to the assigned topic. The best articles may be published in the American University International Law Review. For detailed guidelines about the award please visit the website or e-mail the Academy.
  • The Texas International Law Journal will be celebrating its 50th year in 2015. They are publishing a special 50th anniversary issue to commemorate the occasion. The Journal is seeking submissions from scholars in all areas of international law. These submissions can address any topic in international or comparative law, but should be focused on significant developments in international law over the last 50 years and their future implications. They invite you to submit an article or brief comment as detailed in the call for papers.

Announcements

  • Professor S.I. Strong of the University of Missouri School of Law is conducting an anonymous electronic survey as part of a research project entitled “Perceptions and Use of International Commercial Mediation and Conciliation.”  International commercial mediation and conciliation has recently made the news as a result of a decision by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) to give further consideration to a proposal from the U.S. Department of State regarding an international convention on international commercial mediation and conciliation.  Those who wish to participate in this survey can do so by clicking on this link or pasting this e-address into their browser <https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/JH6VHQT>.   The survey should take approximately ten minutes to complete and will remain open until 11:59 p.m. Central Daylight Time (CDT) on October 31, 2014.  Those with questions about this project can contact Professor Strong at +1-573-882-2465 or strongsi [at] missouri [dot] edu.  Questions about participants’ rights as a research subject can be directed to the University of Missouri Campus Institutional Review Board at +1-573-882-9585.
  • The Goettingen Journal of International Law, which is Germany’s first open-access international law journal, has recently released the first issue of its sixth volume. Issue 6.1 contains, inter alia, two articles on the role of developing countries in WTO law and two on the forms of responsibilities of States in international law, whereof one is by Otto Spijkers and based on one of his blog posts on this blog. The article, as well as the whole issue can be accessed at the journal’s website.

Last week’s events and announcements can be found here. If you would like to post an announcement on Opinio Juris, please contact us with a one-paragraph description of your announcement along with hyperlinks to more information.

Weekly News Wrap: Monday, October 6, 2014

by An Hertogen

Your weekly selection of international law and international relations headlines from around the world:

Africa

Middle East and Northern Africa

Asia

Europe

Americas

World

  • Last week, the 7th Meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety met in Pyeongchang. The International Institute for Sustainable Development has a summary of the proceedings here.
  • The IMF and the World Bank are holding their Annual Meetings in Washington DC this week. For civil society coverage, see here.

Events and Announcements: October 5, 2014

by An Hertogen

Events

  • International Criminal Court Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda will keynote “Children & International Justice,” a conference to be held on Tuesday, October 28, 2014, at the University of Georgia School of Law in Athens, home institution of the Prosecutor’s Special Adviser on Children in & affected by Armed Conflict, Professor Diane Marie Amann. Taking part will be experts from academia and the practice; from UNICEF and the Office of the Special Representative to the U.N. Secretary-General for Children & Armed Conflict; and from NGOs like Human Rights Watch, the International Center for Transitional Justice, the International Committee of the Red Cross, No Peace Without Justice, Protect Education in Insecurity & Conflict, Save the Children, and The Carter Center. Papers will be published in the Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law. Additional sponsors include the Dean Rusk Center for International Law & Policy, the Georgia Law Project on Armed Conflict & Children, the African Studies Institute of the University of Georgia, the Planethood Foundation, and the American Society of International Law-Southeast. Details and registration can be found here.
  • On Monday October 20, 2014, the University of Luxembourg will host a symposium, jointly organised with the UNHCR, on the protection of persons fleeing situations of armed violence. The event will consider the issue of assessing claims for international protection for persons fleeing armed conflict or other situations of violence: using Article 2A of the 1951 Geneva Convention or Article 15 of the EU Qualification Directive? Particular attention will be paid to the new UNHCR guidelines on the subject. Participants will include Pascale Moreau (UNHCR), Advocate General Eleanor Sharpston (CJEU), Judge Lars Bay Larsson (ECJ), Judge Ledi Bianku (ECHR), Alice Edwards (UNHCR), Prof. James Sweeney (Lancaster University), Blanche Tax (UNHCR), Serge Bodart (ULB), Prof. Matthew Happold (University of Luxembourg), and Philippa Candler (UNHCR). Further details of the programme can be found here. The event will take place in English and French with simultaneous translation. Attendance at the symposium is free but registration is required and can be done online here.
  • You are invited to the INTRAlaw opening seminar to celebrate the establishment of the research centre INTRAlaw (International and Transnational Tendencies in Law) within the Department of Law at Aarhus University. The centre will provide the framework for coordinating the research activities of a number of senior staff members at the Department of Law in 2014-2018. The formal opening of INTRAlaw is accompanied by the inauguration lecture of Professor Edward Canuel who has been appointed honorary professor of law at Aarhus University. The seminar takes place on October 24, 2014, at Aarhus University Conference Centre – Fredrik Nielsens vej 2-4, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. The deadline for registration is October 17, 2014. To register, please send an email to Tinna Meyer. The full programme of the seminar can be found here.

Calls for papers

  • The Utrecht Journal of International and European Law has extended the deadline for its call for papers on ‘Privacy under International and European Law’ to November 14, 2014. Relevant issues may have broader implications, including: the responsibility of private actors under international law; privacy as a human right; the conflict between State interests and individual rights; the internet and territorial limits; data protection; diverging national approaches to the protection of privacy and the rise of The Board of Editors will select articles based on quality of research and writing, diversity and relevance of topic. The novelty of the academic contribution is also an essential requirement. Prospective articles should be submitted online via the website and should conform to the journal style guide. Utrecht Journal has a word limit of 15,000 words including footnotes. For further information please consult the website or email the editors at utrechtjournal [at] urios [dot] org.
  • From April 8-11, 2015, the American Society of International Law will convene its 109th Annual Meeting. The aim of the 2015 Annual Meeting is to promote a rigorous discussion on the question of how international law is “adapting to a rapidly changing world.” Next year, as in the past, the Planning Committee for the Annual Meeting would like to include at least one “New Voices” session that will provide a platform for junior scholars and practitioners to present their works-in-progress. ASIL invites submissions from non-tenured scholars and junior practitioners on any topic of international law. Any authors who submitted a paper abstract in the first call for papers and session proposals do not need to submit again; those abstracts remain under consideration. Abstracts should be well developed and reflect advanced progress on a paper that will be presented at the Meeting.  Final papers will be due by March 30, 2015. Send your abstract to asilannualmeeting [at] asil [dot] org by no later than Thursday, October 30, 2014, with the subject line “New Voices Proposal.”  Please send the abstract as a Microsoft Word attachment, including your name and contact information (email address & affiliation).  Abstracts should be no longer than 1000 words.  Selected authors will be notified by the end of November. Please direct any questions to the co-chairs of the ASIL New Professionals Interest Group at asilnpig [at] gmail [dot] com.
  • A conference on The European Union and the Arctic will bring together academics and practitioners from relevant disciplines such as international law, international relations, political science and marine biology, NGOs, representatives from EU institutions and international organizations to discuss the EU’s potential contribution to enhance Arctic governance. A roadmap for increasing the effectiveness of the EU’s action in the Arctic will be drawn at the end of the conference. This conference is timely as the Council of the European Union recently (Council conclusions on developing a European Union Policy towards the Arctic Region, May 24, 2014) requested the European Commission and the High Representative to present proposals for the further development of an integrated and coherent Arctic Policy by December 2015. Abstracts of no more than 400 words should be emailed to Dr. Nengye Liu (n [dot] x [dot] liu [at] dundee [dot] ac [dot] uk) by January 15 , 2015. All abstracts will be peer-reviewed. Selected speakers will be notified by January 31, 2015. More information is here.

Last week’s events and announcements can be found here. If you would like to post an announcement on Opinio Juris, please contact us with a one-paragraph description of your announcement along with hyperlinks to more information.

Weekend Roundup: September 27- October 3, 2014

by An Hertogen

This week on Opinio Juris, the debate on the AUMF continued with Kevin pointing out the lack of evidence on Khorasan’s existence and the denuding of the concept of self-defence, and Jens discussing how ground troops will be necessary in the battle of ISIS, which requires a better legal foundation for the operation than the AUMF. On a comparative and lighter note, Kristen recommended Jon Stewart’s Daily Show piece on the UK’s debate on the authorization of air strikes against ISIL. In a guest post, Myriam Feinberg reported back from a recent workshop on the future of the 2001 AUMF.

In other guest posts, Abel Knottnerus updates us on recent events in the Kenyatta trial at the ICC, while Alvin Cheung established the international law case for democracy in Hong Kong.

Julian asked whether a US Court can hold another state in contempt under international law, and followed up with further thoughts on the matter. He also discussed how sovereigntist arguments against investor-state dispute resolution are now appearing on both sides of the ideological spectrum in the US.

Finally, Jens analysed the jurisdictional quagmire in the Al Nashiri-case before the Guantanamo military commission

As for our usual features, I wrapped up the international news headlines and listed events and announcements.

Many thanks to our guest contributors and have a nice weekend!

Weekly News Wrap: Monday, September 29, 2014

by An Hertogen

Your weekly selection of international law and international relations headlines from around the world:

Africa

Middle East and Northern Africa

Asia

  •  Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai will be sworn in as the new President of Afghanistan later today.
  • Protestors in Hong Kong refuse to withdraw and the use of tear gas by the authorities has created new protests to spring up against Beijing’s new rules imposing strict controls on candidate selection for the next elections.

Europe

Americas

World

Events and Announcements: September 28, 2014

by An Hertogen

Calls for Papers

  • The British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL) is making a worldwide Call for Papers on British Influences on International Law 1915-2015. The Institute is publishing a series of books to commemorate the centenary of the establishment in London of the Grotius Society (a forerunner of BIICL) in 1915. One of these books is on British Influences on International Law in the period from 1915 until today. They invite anyone who has an interest in writing a chapter on an aspect of this topic to submit an abstract for consideration. This invitation extends to established academics, early career researchers, doctoral researchers, those with experience in government and other practice, and anyone else with relevant expertise, whether based in the UK or elsewhere. The authors of the selected papers may be chosen for presentation as part of a seminar series which is likely to be held in the first half of 2015. For further information, please visit their website or contact the project co-ordinator Dr Jean-Pierre Gauci on j [dot] gauci [at] biicl [dot] org.
  • The Refugee Law Initiative (RLI) invites submissions to its Working Paper Series. The series provides for the rapid dissemination of preliminary research results and other work in progress, reflecting cross and inter-disciplinary interests within refugee law and policy, broadly defined. Recent papers have considered integration, detention and smuggling of asylum-seekers, gender-related asylum claims and long-term encampment. RLI Working Papers are prominently displayed on the RLI website as a resource for scholars and practitioners worldwide. Papers must be based on original research, conform to the usual standard of academic publishing, be fully referenced and presented in the standard technical format employed by the series. Papers will be evaluated based on their contemporary relevance, contribution to the field, structure and analytical rigour (submission guide). Papers published in the series may subsequently be published in journals or books provided that an acknowledgement is given to the RLI Working Paper Series. Submissions are considered on a rolling basis. For further information, and to submit a paper please contact the Editor-in-Chief, Dr. Ruvi Ziegler, at r [dot] ziegler [at] reading [dot] ac [dot] uk or ruvi [dot] ziegler [at] law [dot] ox [dot] ac [dot] uk.
  • The Chinese (Taiwan) Society of International Law will hold the ILA-ASIL Asia-Pacific Research Forum on May 25-26, 2015 in Taipei, Taiwan. The theme of the Research Forum is “Integrating the Asia-Pacific: Why International Law Matters?” Paper proposals should be submitted by January 20, 2015 to ila [at] nccu [dot] edu [dot] tw. The call for papers is available online. Other inquiries can be directed to Pasha Hsieh, co-chair of the Research Forum (pashahsieh [at] smu [dot] edu [dot] sg)

Announcements

  • Hart Publishing is delighted to announce that the first issue, published in August, of the Journal on the Use of Force and International Law (JUFIL) is now available online. Please click here for the table of contents. JUFIL is the first peer-reviewed journal covering all aspects of the law governing the use of force (jus ad bellum), as distinct from other areas of international law relating to security issues, such as International Humanitarian Law or International Criminal Law. From the first issue, Hart Publishing is pleased to make the article by Claus Kreß Major Post-Westphalian Shifts and Some Important Neo-Westphalian Hesitations in the State Practice on the International Law on the Use of Force free to view online. To access this article please click on this link and follow the instructions shown (the introduction is also shown on the PDF download). For subscription rates and details on how to subscribe please click here.

Last week’s events and announcements can be found here. If you would like to post an announcement on Opinio Juris, please contact us with a one-paragraph description of your announcement along with hyperlinks to more information.

Weekend Roundup: September 20-26, 2014

by An Hertogen

This week on Opinio Juris, JensJennifer Trahan and Julian discussed the international legal basis for the air strikes against ISIS. Jens also analysed why Khorasan is seen as a more immediate threat to the US than ISIS. For more on the US domestic legal basis, check out Deborah’s post with a snippet from her Daily Beast article on the perennial US War Powers fight.

A guest post by Anton Moiseienko gave some insights in Russian scholarship on the legality of Crimea’s annexation under international law.

Finally, Jessica wrapped up the news and I listed events and announcements.

Many thanks to our guest contributors and have a nice weekend

Events and Announcements: September 21, 2014

by An Hertogen

  • The Junior International Law Scholars Association (JILSA) is holding its annual meeting on Friday, January 23, 2015, at the University of Miami School of Law.  JILSA is an informal network of junior scholars at mostly American law schools who get together annually for a self-funded workshop.  Junior faculty and fellows interested in presenting at the meeting should email proposals to MJ Durkee and Jean Galbraith by Friday, October 10.  If you are interested in presenting a working draft, please send us the title, an abstract, and an indication of how far along the paper is.  Because of the nature of the workshop, we can only include working drafts that have not yet been accepted for publication.  We also workshop early stage projects.  If you are interested in presenting on an early stage project, please let us know the working title and a few lines about the idea you are pursuing.  Finally, if you are interested in being a discussant, please let us know.  We will do our best to get back to everyone in November, and, for those whose working drafts are accepted for the conference, we will expect the authors to provide the drafts a few weeks before the conference.
  • The Human Rights Essay Award Competition sponsored by the Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law seeks to stimulate the production of scholarly work in international human rights law. Awardees receive a full scholarship to attend the 2015 Program of Advanced Studies in Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in Washington D.C. This year’s topic is “Transitional Justice, International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law” and the deadline to submit is February 1, 2015. Participants have the flexibility to choose any subject related to the assigned topic. The best articles may be published in the American University International Law Review. For detailed guidelines about the award please visit the website or e-mail the Academy.

Last week’s events and announcements can be found here. If you would like to post an announcement on Opinio Juris, please contact us with a one-paragraph description of your announcement along with hyperlinks to more information.

Weekend Roundup: September 20, 2014

by An Hertogen

This week on Opinio Juris, we hosted an insta-symposium on the Scottish Independence Referendum. David Scheffer surveyed the legal terrain in case of a yes vote, Stephen Tierney discussed how Scotland’s move to independence would be characterised under international law, Milena Sterio argued that international law could develop a norm containing a positive right to secession under certain circumstances, Jure Vidmar looked at Scotland’s position in the EU, Tim Sparks took a long view, and Christopher Connolly discussed the phrasing of the referendum question. Finally, Chris asked whether there will be a Scottish precedent.

In other guest posts, Eliav Lieblich updated us on recent developments in an Israeli case reviving international prize law, Leila Nadya Sadat and Douglas J. Pivnichny wrote about recent steps towards a comprehensive treaty on crimes against humanity, Yanying Li alerted us to a UNGA resolution on a multilateral framework for sovereign debt restructuring, and Michael W. Lewis responded to Kevin’s critique last week of his post on the nature of self-defense.

In other posts by our regular contributors, Kevin criticized the University of Sydney for restricting academic freedom after it “un-invited” Sri Lankan NGOs from an international conference on the enforcement of human rights in the Asia-Pacific. Peter asked if ISIL fighters can be stripped of their passports, and remarked that the AUMF basis for an ISIL intervention looks likely to stick. More on ISIL came from Jens who discussed the issue of ransom and material support for terrorism. Finally, Kristen explained why the Security Council’s decision to take up the issue of Ebola is significant.

As always, Jessica wrapped up the news and listed events and announcements. Duncan also updated us on the new Executive Director of ASIL.

Many thanks to our guest contributors and have a nice weekend!

Weekend Roundup: September 6 – 12, 2014

by An Hertogen

This week on Opinio Juris, summer vacation is officially over. We hope that all of our readers in the Northern Hemisphere enjoyed a great break – hopefully not quite like the Russian soldiers in Ukraine that Jens commented on. For those of us in the Southern Hemisphere: it’s almost summer!

Kevin followed up on an earlier post arguing that despite the recent release of a White Paper we do not yet know the CIA’s public-authority justification for violating 18 USC 1119, and explained why an argument based on Title 50 does not work in his view. He then posted a two-part response (1, 2) to Bobby Chesney’s reply on this last post over at Lawfare, and analysed their different readings of the AUMF.

The AUMF was also central to commentary on President Obama’s address regarding air strikes against ISIS. In anticipation of President Obama’s speech, Peter had put forward three reasons why President Obama should not seek congressional approval for airstrikes on ISIL. Jens was first out of the blocks after the address, to argue that Obama was walking a thin line, and later on that the AUMF does not cover ISIS. Peter and Deborah agreed with Jens on the applicability of the AUMF and Peter added that Obama could have played a different card. Deborah then followed up with an analysis of the theory that ISIS is Al Qaeda rather than considering it an “associated force”.

In other ISIL- related posts, Peter commented on Ted Cruz’ initiative to strip ISIL fighters from their US citizenship, and Kevin responded to a post by Mike Lewis over at Just Security on the application of the “unwilling or unable” test in the context of article 51 UN Charter.

Finally, Jessica wrapped up the news and I listed events and announcements. We’re running an insta-symposium on the Scottish independence referendum next week, and are still welcoming submissions. If you saw last week’s announcement by Matrix Chambers, you may want to take note that the deadline has been extended.

Have a nice weekend!

Events and Announcements: September 7, 2014

by An Hertogen

 Call for papers

  • The Faculty of Law of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Columbia Law School invite the submission of written proposals for an international conference on the international law legacies of the Palestine mandate, to be held in Jerusalem on June 21-22, 2015, and for a subsequent publication. The full call for papers can be found here. Researchers interested in addressing these and related questions are invited to respond to this call for papers with a 1-2 page proposal for an article and presentation, along with a brief CV, including a list of publications. Proposals should be submitted by email to Dr. Rotem Giladi of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem no later than September 30, 2014. Written contributions (of 10,000-12,000 words), based on the selected proposals, will be expected no later than April 15, 2015.
  • The Russian-Armenian (Slavonic) University (RAU) in cooperation with the International and Comparative Law Center and the Delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Armenia announce the 7th Yerevan International Conference for Young Researchers on International Humanitarian Law, which will be held from October 30 to November 1, 2014 in Yerevan, Republic of Armenia and will be dedicated to the 150th anniversary of adoption  of the First Geneva Convention. Young researchers in the field of IHL under the age of 35 are invited to take part in the Conference participants pre-selection process. In order to apply the applicants should submit a research paper strictly within the scope of the announced conference topics presented in the call for papers. The Conference now also has its Facebook page. The deadline to submit your application is September 14, 2014. The application form is here.
  • PluriCourts – Centre for the Study of the Legitimate Roles of the Judiciary in the Global Order, University of Oslo – together with University of Copenhagen Centre of Excellence for International Courts – iCourts, is organizing a combined workshop and PhD course on the Legitimacy of International Courts and Tribunals in Oslo, November 24-25, 2014. This workshop explores, assesses and applies different perspectives and standards of legitimacy, and brings such considerations to bear on ICs in four different sectors of international law: human rights, investment, trade, and international criminal law. We invite for full or draft papers that address the following aspects of legitimacy of ICs: (1) rule of law standards; (2) accountability; (3) output and effects; (4) societal acceptance and compliance; and (5) conceptual issues of legitimacy within the sectors human rights, investment, trade, and international criminal law. The deadline for abstracts is September 15, 2014. More information is available here.

Events

  • Theater of War is presenting a dramatic reading of Sophocles’ Ajax and Philoctetes, by Adam Driver, Jesse Eisenberg, Frances McDormand and David Strathairn on September 28 at BAM Fisher in New York. For more information about free registration, click here.

Last week’s events and announcements can be found here. If you would like to post an announcement on Opinio Juris, please contact us with a one-paragraph description of your announcement along with hyperlinks to more information.