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[Alonso Gurmendi is a contributor for Opinio Juris and Assistant Professor at Universidad del Pacífico Law School, in Lima, Peru.] I am a long-time fan of 4X games. For the uninitiated, that stands for Explore, Expand, Exploit & Exterminate Games – a (lame) 1990s pun turned game-genre, coined by Video-Game reviewer Alan Emrich who wanted to promote his Master of Orion review by saying...

[Leila Nadya Sadat is the James Carr Professor of International Criminal Law at Washington University, Director of the Crimes Against Humanity Initiative and the Gun Violence and Human Rights Project, Special Advisor on Crimes Against Humanity to the International Criminal Court Prosecutor, and a Senior Research Scholar at Yale Law School. Aaron Fellmeth is the Dennis S. Karjala Professor at Arizona...

[Ahmed Abofoul is an Independent Legal Researcher at Al-Haq’s Legal Research and Advocacy Department.] Introduction Whether in the Americas, Africa, Australia or elsewhere, colonialism and its practices of domination, conquest, settlement, and exploitation of land and natural resources of the indigenous people has ruptured many ecosystems around the world. Some have accurately argued that colonists owe their success, in part, to such...

[Maria Antonia Tigre is a global climate litigation fellow at the Sabin Center for Climate Change at Columbia Law School and the Director of Latin America for the Global Network for the Study of Human Rights and the Environment (GNHRE). Victoria Lichet is the coordinator of the U.S. team of the Global Pact Coalition, and also researches issues related to human...

[Saba Pipia is an Associate Professor at the Georgian-American University (Tbilisi, Georgia) and visiting Fulbright researcher at Michigan State University. He holds a Ph.D. degree from Tbilisi State University.] Historically, Egypt largely relied on a season of the annual flooding of the Nile, which enriched the soil and granted a prosperous year to Egyptians, but if the Nile flooded a second...

[Moisés Montiel Mogollón is a lawyer advising individuals, companies, and States on matters of international law, human rights, and other international areas at Lotus Soluciones Legales. He teaches Treaty Law and LOAC at Universidad Iberoamericana (Mexico City) and Universidad Panamericana (Guadalajara).] As lawyers and advocates, we are trained since school to frame our arguments in a persuasive manner by using legal reasoning....

[Lindsay Freeman is the Law and Policy Director of the Technology and Human Rights Program at the Human Rights Center, UC Berkeley School of Law. Raquel Vazquez Llorente is the Permanent Representative to the International Criminal Court for FIDH (International Federation for Human Rights).] Digital evidence is playing an increasingly central role in trials at the International Criminal Court (ICC). The...

[Andrea Mensi is a postdoctoral researcher in public international law at the University of Lugano and adjunct professor at the University of Milan; he is an attorney at law admitted to the Milan Bar.] Introduction While the international community is still debating about whether to recognize a government led by the Taliban, there are further critical issues to consider, such as the...

[Lucia Leontiev is a PhD candidate in international and human rights law at Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (Italy) and Maastricht University.] Between 17 and 19 September 2021, Russian federal elections were held. For the realist, the results of the elections were not a surprise, as the Kremlin-supported party, United Russia, won the majority of seats in the parliament...

[Benoit Mayer is Associate Professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong; his research focuses on climate law.] My thanks to Srinivas Burra for his post engaging with my argument about the role of lawyers, in particular in relation to the mitigation of climate change. For those who are just catching up here: in a previous post (in EJIL:Talk!), I explained...

[Viviana Krsticevic is a member of the GQUAL Secretariat and the Executive Director of the Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL).] Women are underrepresented in international decision-making, particularly in international courts and monitoring bodies. These are not minor positions. International courts and monitoring bodies shape international and domestic dynamics, inter alia, determining borders, defining the scope of rights, promoting accountability for international crimes, and shaping the responsibility...