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[Rhona Smith is Professor of International Human Rights at Newcastle Law School.]Photo credit: Rhona Smith The précis presented herein is simple, all States are obliged both to ‘build back better’ in the wake of the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and to be better prepared for COVID-19, any future variations and indeed other pandemics. These obligations are grounded in international laws and frameworks...

[Liana Georgieva Minkova recently defended her PhD at the Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, UK, and holds a full award from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Doctoral Training Partnership.] On March 30th the International Criminal Court (ICC) Appeals Chamber confirmed the conviction and sentence of Bosco Ntaganda. The judges decided to use this opportunity to...

By now, many of us have stumbled headfirst into the sewage of the Sewell Report. For those who missed it, the British government released a report on racial disparities that denies the structural character of racism in British society. In fact, the authors went further, proclaiming the UK as an exemplar of racial equality that other White-majority states should emulate. Mostly absent from...

Photo credit: Gaël Grilhot/RFICaption:  The President of the Special Criminal Court, Michel Landry Louanga, opens the Court's inaugural session on 22 October 2018. [Julian Elderfield is an international lawyer and worked in Bangui, Central African Republic for  the Special Prosecutor of the Special Criminal Court from 2019-2021. Previously, he worked in the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court....

Photo credit: University of Toronto [Vincent Wong is a Canadian Lawyer and PhD Student at Osgoode Hall Law School, where he examines barriers to education for undocumented youth in Canada and the relation of those exclusions to racialized divisions of labour. Vincent was previously an Adjunct Professor and William C. Graham Research Associate at the International Human Rights Program at the...

[Pearce Clancy is a PhD candidate at the Irish Centre for Human Rights at the National University of Ireland, Galway, and a legal Researcher with the Palestinian human rights organisation Al-Haq. Rania Muhareb is a PhD candidate at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, a consultant with Al-Haq, and a Policy Member of Al-Shabaka, the Palestinian Policy Network.] Wall severing Palestinian...

[Sara Elizabeth Dill, Esq. is a partner at Anethum Global, a Certified Financial Crime Specialist & Certified Global Sanctions Specialist, and Arab Region Liaison Officer, International Bar Association War Crimes Committee.]   The original drafters of targeted and individualized sanctions regimes had the intent to pressure authoritarian dictators and human rights abusers to end their vile practices, through economic and financial pressures....

[Ahmed Abofoul  is a Research Assistant at the Kalshoven-Gieskes Forum on International Humanitarian Law and a Guest lecturer of Public International Law at Al-Azhar University – Gaza. He served as a Research Assistant to Dr. Robert Heinsch and Dr. Giulia Pinzauti in submitting their amici curiae observations in the Situation in the State of Palestine to the Pre-Trial Chamber I...

[Darryl Robinson is an Associate Professor at Queen’s University Faculty of Law (Canada), specializing in international criminal justice.] I am deeply grateful to each of the contributors for their excellent additions to the conversation.  One of the themes of Justice in Extreme Cases is the important of deliberation in figuring out a framework for moral principles.  I agree with and welcome the...

[Saira Mohamed is Professor of Law at the UC Berkeley School of Law.] Darryl Robinson’s Justice in Extreme Cases: Criminal Law Theory Meets International Criminal Law offers a detailed and convincing argument for a mutually beneficial relationship between international criminal law and criminal law theory: just as criminal law theory can clarify and improve international criminal law, international criminal law can clarify and improve criminal law theory.  Based...

[Harmen van der Wilt is professor in International Criminal law at the University of Amsterdam.] In the lingering debate whether superior responsibility should be considered as a mode of accessorial liability or rather should qualify as a separate offence of dereliction of duty, Darryl Robinson has defended the former position. For the sake of brevity, a summary of the discussion should suffice. Scholars and practitioners who...

[Adejoké Babington-Ashaye is an international law specialist with a specialization in international criminal law, human rights, and public international law. She is the Co-Editor and Co-Author of International Criminal Investigations: Law and Practice (2018).] In 2018, by a narrow majority, the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Court (ICC) overturned Jean-Pierre Bemba’s conviction for crimes committed between October 2002 and March 2003 by Bemba’s Mouvement de...