Ed Whelan Outs an Anonymous Law Professor/Blogger (Updated Again)
I loathe anonymous blogging and anonymous commenting. I think that, in the absence of a compelling reason to remain anonymous, people who take provocative positions and vehemently criticize others should have the courage to do so openly, under their own name. That’s why I respect someone like David Bernstein, no matter how much I disagree with him.
That said, I understand that some people do, in fact, have compelling personal or professional reasons to blog anonymously. I question whether someone in that situation should blog at all; I think it would be better for them to wait until they can do so openly. Yet that is their choice, not mine; I believe that every blogger has the right to remain anonymous just as strongly as I believe that they should go public. I have never “outed” anyone, blogger or commenter, and I never would.
Ed Whelan, unfortunately, seems to believe that it is appropriate to out bloggers who wish to remain anonymous. Whelan has just outed “Publius,” a leading progressive blogger at Obsidian Wings, because Publius had the temerity to criticize one of his blog posts. Here is what Publius, who is a new and untenured law professor at South Texas College of Law, has to say about the situation — and about his decision to blog anonymously:
And to be clear – the proximate cause was that Whelan got mad that I criticized him in a blog post. More specifically, he’s mad that Eugene Volokh made him look rather silly – and he’s lashing out at me for pointing that out, and publishing my name.
But anyway, he’s right – my name is John Blevins. I recently joined the faculty at South Texas College of Law in Houston (both of which I love) after practicing for years in DC. I’m also now a recent convert to the Houston Rockets, and am enraged that Chuck Hayes doesn’t shoot more.
I thought about ignoring the whole thing – but some of you have been with me for 5 years now, so I thought you all deserved an explanation.
As I told Ed (to no avail), I have blogged under a pseudonym largely for private and professional reasons. Professionally, I’ve heard that pre-tenure blogging (particularly on politics) can cause problems. And before that, I was a lawyer with real clients. I also believe that the classroom should be as nonpolitical as possible – and I don’t want conservative students to feel uncomfortable before they take a single class based on my posts. So I don’t tell them about this blog. Also, I write and research on telecom policy – and I consider blogging and academic research separate endeavors. This, frankly, is a hobby.
Privately, I don’t write under my own name for family reasons. I’m from a conservative Southern family – and there are certain family members who I’d prefer not to know about this blog (thanks Ed). Also, I have family members who are well known in my home state who have had political jobs with Republicans, and I don’t want my posts to jeopardize anything for them (thanks again).
All of these things I would have told Ed, if he had asked. Instead, I told him that I have family and professional reasons for not publishing under my own name, and he wrote back and called me an “idiot” and a “coward.” (I’ve posted the email exchange below).
So there you have it – I’ve been successfully pseudonymous since the Iowa caucuses in 2004. During that time, I’ve criticized hundreds of people – and been criticized myself by hundreds more. But this has never happened.
Whelan’s decision to out Blevins is simply unacceptable. As Dan Drezner found out, untenured blogging can be hazardous to your professional health. That clearly did not matter to Whelan, who knew full well — as the emails between Blevins and Whelan indicate — that Blevins wanted to remain anonymous. Indeed, it seems clear that Whelan only outed Blevins in order to cause him personal and professional pain. Here is Whelan’s final word to Blevins, referring to another blogger’s description of him (not Blevins’) as a “legal hitman”:
Now who’s the hitman, you coward and idiot.
Blevins has written sensitively and intelligently about torture, terrorism, and national security for a number of years. I can only hope that this horrific incident does not cause him to abandon blogging. If it does, the blogosphere will be that much the poorer.
I’m very sorry this happened, Professor Blevins. You deserved better.
UPDATE: Whelan’s classless act has managed to do something few others issues ever have: unite the right- and left-wing blogospheres. Political Byline collects a number of posts, right and left, criticizing Whelan here.
UPDATE 2: Lest anyone think Whelan has a sense of shame, his response to the bipartisan outrage at his actions is here. His only regret seems to be that he didn’t out Publius earlier. The most revealing part of the response, though, has to be this statement of “principle” (my emphasis): “setting aside the extraordinary circumstances in which the reason to use a pseudonym would be compelling, I don’t see why anyone else has any obligation to respect the blogger’s self-serving decision.” As the emails linked to above make clear, after Blevins told Whelan that he wished to remain anonymous for personal and professional reasons, Whelan made absolutely no attempt to determine whether those reasons satisfied his “extraordinary circumstances” test. He simply and joyfully outed Blevins.
UPDATE 3: To his credit, Whelan has now apologized:
On reflection, I now realize that, completely apart from any debate over our respective rights and completely apart from our competing views on the merits of pseudonymous blogging, I have been uncharitable in my conduct towards the blogger who has used the pseudonym Publius. Earlier this evening, I sent him an e-mail setting forth my apology for my uncharitable conduct. As I stated in that e-mail, I realize that, unfortunately, it is impossible for me to undo my ill-considered disclosure of his identity. For that reason, I recognize that Publius may understandably regard my apology as inadequate.