Europe

[Patricio Barbirotto is a research fellow and adjunct professor of International Law at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Italy.] On 11 July 2022, the President of the Russian Federation V. V. Putin signed the Presidential Executive Order n. 440 “on Amending the Executive Order of the President of the Russian Federation No. 183 of April 24, 2019, ‘On the Definition of Categories of Persons Entitled...

[Beatrice Lau is a humanitarian professional from Hong Kong who has worked in Niger, Haiti, Tajikistan, Malaysia, Libya, Tunisia, and Belarus. She holds an LL.M in Advanced Studies in Public International Law from Leiden University.] Brittney Griner, the American Women National Basketball star and two-time Olympic gold medalist, was convicted in Russia on August 4 for drug possession and sentenced to...

[Mateusz Piątkowski is an Assistant Professor at the University of Łódź, Poland (Faculty of Law and Administration, International Law Department), Attorney-at-law, and Member of the Polish Society of the Military Law and the Law of War.] On February 27, 2022, the EU foreign policy chief Joseph Borrel announced that the European Council decided to offer Ukraine a package of lethal weapons of significant value,...

[Luke James, LLM. is a security analyst interested in peace processes. He has worked at the ICC, OSCE, British Red Cross, Platform for Peace Humanity, UNV and is an Army Reservist.] On 5 July, Ret. Colonel John Spencer spoke at NATO’s Urban Warfare Conference in London. He described how Ukrainian President Zelensky “turned his civilians into fighters”, telling the Ukrainians citizens...

[Dr Talita Dias is the Shaw Foundation Junior Research Fellow in Law at Jesus College, Oxford, as well as a Research Fellow with the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict (ELAC), at the Blavatnik School of Government. The views expressed here are hers alone.] 1. Introduction A prime example of ‘hybrid warfare’, the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine has witnessed a...

[Elisenda Calvet-Martínez is Assistant Professor of International Law and co-coordinator of the Law Clinic Fight Against Impunity at the Faculty of Law of the Universitat de Barcelona (UB). The opinions expressed herein are the author’s alone.] 1. Introduction This paper briefly sets out the transitional justice issues facing the peace process in Ukraine and considers different modalities for addressing transitional justice through a peace...

[Tiina Pajuste is Professor of International Law and Security at Tallinn University. She has held previous research positions at the Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights (University of Helsinki) and the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law (University of Cambridge), where she was part of the Legal Tools for Peace-making Project. The views expressed in this paper are...

[Simona Ross is a doctoral researcher at the University of Cambridge and until recently served as an advisor for the World Bank’s Fragility, Conflict and Violence Group. Previously, she worked with the United Nations in Libya and Iraq. The views expressed in this paper are her own.] 1. Introduction  Crafting a dynamic, multi-dimensional peace settlement between the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Ukrainian separatist...

[Dean Michael Scharf is the Co-Founder of the Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG) and the Co-Dean of the Case Western Reserve University School of Law. Dr. Paul R. Williams is the Co-Founder of the Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG), Rebecca I. Grazier Professor in Law and International Relations at American University, and a world-renowned peace negotiation lawyer...

[Eva Buzo is an Australian lawyer, and the Executive Director of Victim Advocates International . She lived in Cox’s Bazar between November 2017 and September 2019.] At the recent Ukraine Accountability Conference on 14 July in the Hague the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) warned against overdocumentation in Ukraine. In doing so, he used the Rohingya crisis as an example...

[Peter S. Konchak is a lawyer and independent researcher whose work focuses on legal and policy issues in the fields of national security, foreign affairs, and economics.] As the Russo-Ukrainian War enters a phase likely to be defined by protracted attrition warfare, the United States and many of its NATO allies are expanding their efforts to supply Ukraine with vital military...

[Elena Baylis is Professor of Law, with a joint appointment in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh. The views expressed in this paper are hers alone.]  Introduction  Reconciliation refers to the need to transform the relationships between societies on opposing sides of an armed conflict from mutual antagonism to “mutual recognition and acceptance.” (Bar-Tal & Bennink 2004)...