Public International Law

[Santiago Vargas Niño, LL.M. is an independent legal consultant and lecturer in international protection of human rights at Los Andes University in Bogotá D.C., Colombia. He previously worked as a legal officer of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace. He also served as an intern, legal assistant, assistant legal officer, and legal consultant of the Office of the Prosecutor of the...

[Caroline Stover is a lawyer focusing on human rights and refugee law and is currently the acting Head of Asia Programme at ARTICLE 19. Michael Altman-Lupu is a human rights lawyer working with ARTICLE 19 to protect and defend freedom of expression in Southeast Asia.] The Argument for the Investigation of Those Ordering Internet and Telephonic Shutdowns Under Articles 25(3)(c) and...

[Caroline Stover is a lawyer focusing on human rights and refugee law and is currently the acting Head of Asia Programme at ARTICLE 19. Michael Altman-Lupu is a human rights lawyer working with ARTICLE 19 to protect and defend freedom of expression in Southeast Asia.] Introduction Across the world, the rise of internet-based communications has facilitated the documentation of evidence of violations of...

[Raquel Saavedra is an International Legal Adviser, Myanmar, for the International Commission of Jurists. Kingsley Abbott is the Director of Global Accountability and International Justice, International Commission of Jurists.] In recent conversations with diplomats covering Myanmar, we continue to be asked: is it still worthwhile for states to support the work of Myanmar lawyers when the justice system is in a state of...

[Dr Melanie O’Brien is Associate Professor of International Law at the University of Western Australia and President of the International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS). She is also a 2022 research fellow at the Sydney Jewish Museum.] Two years ago, in August 2020, thirteen blog posts were written in a Rohingya Symposium here on Opinio Juris. These posts covered, inter alia, the need for accountability, the Security Council, the problematic fact that Myanmar’s...

[Marissa Kardon Weber is an international criminal and human rights lawyer. She works on strategic human rights litigation against Iran and its agents and instrumentalities in U.S. federal court on behalf of victims of hostage taking, torture, extrajudicial killing, and aircraft sabotage. The views expressed herein are entirely her own.] Double Standards in Extrajudicial Killings? The decades of treatment and recent likely attempted murder of novelist and defender of the freedom...

[Dr. Emma Irving, M.A., LL.M., is a consultant in the fields of international criminal law, human rights, and technology and was formerly the senior researcher in the Leiden IHL Clinic's Digitally Derived Evidence Project. Dr. Robert Heinsch, LL.M. is an Associate Professor of Public International Law at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies of Leiden University, and is the Director of its Kalshoven-Gieskes Forum...

[Ralph Wilde is a member of the Faculty of Law at University College London, University of London.] This Saturday, 20 August 2022, marks the one-year anniversary of the date it was made public that the National Unity Government (NUG) of Myanmar had issued a Declaration to the International Criminal Court accepting the Court’s exercise of jurisdiction with respect to the situation in...

[Dr Talita Dias is the Shaw Foundation Junior Research Fellow in Law at Jesus College, Oxford, as well as a Research Fellow with the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict (ELAC), at the Blavatnik School of Government. The views expressed here are hers alone.] 1. Introduction A prime example of ‘hybrid warfare’, the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine has witnessed a...

[Dr Caleb H Wheeler is a Lecturer in Law at Cardiff University.] Introduction The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (‘ICC’ or ‘the Court’) was agreed on 17 July 1998. The United States played a very active role in the arduous negotiation process, shaping significant portions of the Statute and occasionally threatening to derail the talks when decisions were made that it...

[Elisenda Calvet-Martínez is Assistant Professor of International Law and co-coordinator of the Law Clinic Fight Against Impunity at the Faculty of Law of the Universitat de Barcelona (UB). The opinions expressed herein are the author’s alone.] 1. Introduction This paper briefly sets out the transitional justice issues facing the peace process in Ukraine and considers different modalities for addressing transitional justice through a peace...

[Anna Mykytenko is a Senior Legal Adviser and Ukraine Country Manager and Maksym Vishchyk is a Legal Adviser with Global Rights Compliance Foundation. In recent years they have been involved in various projects aimed at strengthening Ukraine's capacity to investigate and prosecute atrocity crimes, including Mobile Justice Teams assisting current conflict-related investigations and the MATRA-Ukraine project ”Strengthening Ukraine’s Capacity to Investigate and Prosecute International...